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The Implementation GameThe TRIPS Agreement and the Global Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries$
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Carolyn Deere

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199550616

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550616.001.0001

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Developing Countries in the Global IP System

Developing Countries in the Global IP System

(p.34) 2 Developing Countries in the Global IP System
The Implementation Game

Carolyn Deere (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces the evolution of developing country engagement with the international IP regulation through three phases. The colonial era marked the first formal encounters between developing countries, Western concepts of IP, and international IP rules. A second phase began in the late 1960s when a core group of developing countries advanced a reformist discourse on international IP regulation, calling for fairer global rules. While there were some important regional differences among developing countries, local expertise and institutional capacity were generally weak, and former colonial powers continued to dominate many national IP systems. A third phase began in the mid‐1980s, when developing countries faced intense pressures to include strengthened international IP commitments in the multilateral trading system. A North–South standoff persisted throughout the TRIPS negotiations, resulting in a deeply contested final agreement. Dissatisfaction on both sides with the TRIPS deal set the stage for intense struggles over its implementation.

Keywords:   history, developing countries, colonial, independence, reformist, treaties, TRIPS, negotiations, unilateral pressure, discourse, intellectual property, regulation

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