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Jobs with Equality$
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Lane Kenworthy

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199550593

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.001.0001

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Sources of Equality and Inequality: Wages, Jobs, Households, and Redistribution

Sources of Equality and Inequality: Wages, Jobs, Households, and Redistribution

Chapter:
(p.30) 3 Sources of Equality and Inequality: Wages, Jobs, Households, and Redistribution
Source:
Jobs with Equality
Author(s):

Lane Kenworthy (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0003

This chapter argues that in thinking about income inequality, our focus should be on the distribution of post-tax-post-transfer income among households, rather than the distribution of earnings among individuals or the distribution of market income among households. It explores the chief determinants of cross-country and over-time differences in post-tax-postt-ransfer household income inequality. It examines the impact of individual earnings, employment patterns within and across households, household composition and structure, and government redistribution. It is shown that for the countries that have been most successful at limiting inequality, redistribution has been especially significant. Keeping individual earnings inequality in check is likely to be increasingly difficult and that household structure and composition are very difficult for policy makers to influence.

Keywords:   income inequality, income distribution, wages, jobs, households

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