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Revolutionaries of the CosmosThe Astro-Physicists$
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Ian Glass

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199550258

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.001.0001

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GALILEO: SEEING AND BELIEVING

GALILEO: SEEING AND BELIEVING

Chapter:
(p.8) 2 GALILEO: SEEING AND BELIEVING
Source:
Revolutionaries of the Cosmos
Author(s):

I.S. GLASS

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550258.003.0002

This chapter discusses Galileo Galilei's biography and private life. It notes that Galileo first became interested in the connection between mathematics and the measurement of quantities such as mass and dimensions of bodies. It states some of Galileo's greatest achievements. It explains that one of his most important innovations was to clearly distinguish between constant speed and acceleration, or rate of change of speed. It adds that Galileo was also known to have been interested in Copernican astronomy. This chapter also examines the invention of the telescope, as well as his study of the moon and sunspots. It then tells of the clerical oppositions experienced by Galileo particularly the trial that he faced regarding a vehement suspicion of heresy. It examines Galileo's last work: strength of materials and mechanics. Lastly, it talks about Galileo's last years and the hardships that he faced during these last fulfilling years.

Keywords:   Galileo Galilei, mathematics, constant speed, acceleration, Copernican astronomy, sunspots, moon, telescope

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