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From Protest to PartiesParty-Building and Democratization in Africa$
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Adrienne LeBas

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199546862

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546862.001.0001

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Labor Control Regimes in Zambia and Kenya

Labor Control Regimes in Zambia and Kenya

(p.80) Four Labor Control Regimes in Zambia and Kenya
From Protest to Parties

Adrienne LeBas

Oxford University Press

Chapter 4 examines the different paths that state–labor relations took in the book’s two other cases, Zambia and Kenya. As in Zimbabwe, the Zambian state passed legislation that strengthened and centralized the labor movement, and the ruling party saw trade unions as partners in governance. In the decades following independence, this party–union alliance was challenged by grassroots strike activity and by greater confrontation between the state and labor leaders over economic policy. In Kenya, the labor control regime was markedly different than in Zimbabwe and Zambia. The state never viewed trade unions as an effective instrument of control, nor did they make any attempt to centralize union structures. Union membership remained low, and unions were fragmented and had little shopfloor presence. The chapter argues that these differences in labor regimes led to very different associational landscapes in these two countries.

Keywords:   organized labor, trade unions, corporatism, strikes, ethnicity, district councils, Kenya, Zambia, Zambia Congress of Trade Unions, ZCTU, Congress of Trade Unions, COTU, United National Independence Party, UNIP, Kenya African National Union, KANU

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