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Reframing Social Citizenship$
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Peter Taylor-Gooby

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199546701

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.001.0001

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Individual Choice and Social Order

Individual Choice and Social Order

Chapter:
(p.67) 5 Individual Choice and Social Order
Source:
Reframing Social Citizenship
Author(s):

Peter Taylor‐Gooby

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.003.0005

This chapter relates the social science traditions discussed in Chapter 4 to the assumptions of social citizenship identified in Chapter 1. It reviews evidence from the study of games, evolutionary psychology, negotiation over public goods, behaviour in markets, and other areas of research, to show that individual rational actor approaches can provide strong accounts of reciprocity and of some aspects of social inclusion. However they are much weaker in explaining the development of the kind of citizenship trust that is essential to the stability of welfare states, and unable to offer it more than a limited role in social interactions. More sociological accounts resting on norms, symbolic communication and expressive approaches to action provide good accounts of the development of welfare state citizenship (understood as embedded norms). In more recent work, structural approaches to social norms have been integrated with accounts of the experience of independent individual agency. This approach offers an explanation of the development of the values essential to social citizenship and of how they can contribute in welfare states. However, it is of declining importance in the logic that directs policy-making.

Keywords:   game theory, evolutionary psychology, public goods, markets, norms, expressiveness, reciprocity, inclusion, trust, economics, sociology

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