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The Shadow of EnlightenmentOptical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848$
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Theresa Levitt

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199544707

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.001.0001

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A Revolution in Representation

A Revolution in Representation

Chapter:
(p.11) 1 A Revolution in Representation
Source:
The Shadow of Enlightenment
Author(s):

Theresa Levitt

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0002

This chapter covers two aspects of Arago and Biot's early career: their travels in the Balearic Islands to make meridian measurements, and their education in color theory at the École Polytechnique. Even as they worked together, their differences began to emerge. Arago's republican sympathies were already clear, while Biot argued in favor of a strong central authority. Once they returned, they further split over the issue of color. Biot was the last adherent of Newtonian color theory, while Arago followed the work of Monge, Berthollet, Hassenfratz, and Neveu rejecting it.

Keywords:   Arago, Biot, meridian measurements, École Polytechnique, Newtonian color theory, Monge, Berthollet, Hassenfratz, Neveu

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