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Bourgeoisie, State and DemocracyRussia, Britain, France, Germany, and the USA$
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Graeme Gill

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199544684

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544684.001.0001

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The Making of a Social Class: The Western Bourgeoisie

The Making of a Social Class: The Western Bourgeoisie

Chapter:
(p.21) 2 The Making of a Social Class: The Western Bourgeoisie
Source:
Bourgeoisie, State and Democracy
Author(s):

Graeme Gill (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544684.003.0002

The industrial bourgeoisie was a new social class that came into existence with the onset of industrialization. The new class did not spring from thin air, but was rooted in the existing class structure in each society. This chapter examines the social origins of the new classes in Britain, France, Germany, and the US to show that the most important source of this class in each country was those class groups already engaged in economic production in the towns. While the exact pattern of social origin is different in each case, the primacy of involvement in production is evident in all. An important question is the relationship between this new group and the traditionally dominant landowners, and this relationship also differs in each country. This is analysed principally in terms of the degree to which the new class became socially integrated into the existing social structure.

Keywords:   social origins, class, class structure, new class, economic production, traditional landowners, integration

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