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Divided KingdomIreland 1630-1800$
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S.J. Connolly

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199543472

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543472.001.0001

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Freedom, Religion, and Laws

Freedom, Religion, and Laws

(p.173) 5 Freedom, Religion, and Laws
Divided Kingdom

S. J. Connolly (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The accession of James II gave Catholics a short-lived ascendancy, until the Glorious Revolution and the defeat of James's Irish supporters by William III. Immediately afterwards the Irish parliament, taking advantage of the war time crisis in government finances, staked its claim to a share in the liberties associated with the Revolution. It also used its new bargaining power to demand penal laws against Irish Catholics. Protestant dissenters had played their part in the Protestant victory, but their rising numbers, due to continued Scottish immigration, created fear within the Anglican ruling class, leading to the imposition of the sacramental test.

Keywords:   James II, William III, Glorious Revolution, parliament, dissent, penal laws, sacramental test

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