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The Edwardian ArmyRecruiting, Training, and Deploying the British Army, 1902-1914$
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Timothy Bowman and Mark Connelly

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199542789

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542789.001.0001

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The Officer Corps

The Officer Corps

(p.7) 1 The Officer Corps
The Edwardian Army

Timothy Bowman

Mark Connelly

Oxford University Press

The standard route of entry into the officer corps of the British Army was via the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich (for the Royal Engineers and Royal Artillery) and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. However, many officers entered via the militia and through the University Commissions route, a system formalized in 1908 with the establishment of the Officer Training Corps. A tiny number of officers, as few as 1 per cent, were commissioned from the ranks, and the officer corps was largely drawn from a small section of privileged Edwardian society. The standard of instruction at both cadet colleges was seen as problematic. Once commissioned, an officer's promotion was based almost entirely on seniority within his regiment. The Staff College provided one of the few methods of professional development but there were serious problems with its size and curriculum.

Keywords:   Sandhurst, Woolwich, Staff College, regiment, promotion, militia, university, public schools, gentry, professionals

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