This chapter draws together the results and reflects on what they mean for research and for policy and practice. Since the results are different to those we expected at the outset, and appear to contradict the widespread assumption that temporary workers are significantly disadvantaged, we explore why this should be so. Possible explanatory factors include changing expectations, a growing interest in work‐life balance, less concern about employment insecurity in the relatively prosperous early years of the 21st century and the changing nature of the work of permanent employees. We highlight in particular the increased demands placed on permanent workers and highlight how temporary workers with longer tenure tend to adopt some of the characteristics of permanent employees including rather more negative attitudes. After spelling out some areas for further research and some policy priorities, we conclude by emphasising the need to pay more attention to the demands being placed on permanent workers and to ensure that their concerns are not taken for granted.
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