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Metaphysics and the GoodThemes from the Philosophy of Robert Merrihew Adams$
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Samuel Newlands and Larry M. Jorgensen

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199542680

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542680.001.0001

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Consciousness and Introspective Inaccuracy 1

Consciousness and Introspective Inaccuracy 1

(p.156) 4 Consciousness and Introspective Inaccuracy1
Metaphysics and the Good

Derk Pereboom (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter contends that a Kantian perspective on the nature of introspective representation inspires a defense of a physicalist understanding of phenomenal states in the face of the most prominent arguments against it. Immanuel Kant claims that introspective representations (those of inner sense) are entities caused by the states they represent and are distinct from them, and that they mediate the representational relationship between the subject and the introspected psychological states. As a result, the subject may not represent these states as they are in themselves. It is argued that Kant's position yields a significant challenge to Frank Jackson's knowledge argument, and that it provides a response to those — like Joseph Levine and Robert Adams — who maintain that there is an explanatory gap between the physical and the phenomenal that the physicalist will have difficulty closing.

Keywords:   Kantian perspective, introspective representations, inner sense, Frank Jackson, physicalist, phenonomenal states

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