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A History of the Spanish LexiconA Linguistic Perspective$
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Steven N. Dworkin

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199541140

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541140.001.0001

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Portuguese and Catalan loans in Spanish

Portuguese and Catalan loans in Spanish

Chapter:
(p.182) 9 Portuguese and Catalan loans in Spanish
Source:
A History of the Spanish Lexicon
Author(s):

Steven N. Dworkin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541140.003.0009

This chapter studies the lexical impact on Spanish of Portuguese and Catalan. The medieval Galician-Portuguese tradition of lyric poetry and Portugal’s later importance as a maritime power may account for the transmission into Spanish of many Lusisms. More problematic from the perspective of etymological analysis are a series of lexical items referring to realities of rural life and the weather, whose phonological evolution from Latin seems, on the surface, to reflect tendencies associated with Luso-Romance. In the fifteenth century, the sociolinguistic prestige of Catalan declined significantly. The close morphological and lexical affinities between medieval varieties of Catalan and of southern Gallo-Romance often make it difficult to determine which of these two languages is the immediate source of a given Old Spanish lexical item. Catalan also served as the language through which some medieval Arabisms and Italianisms entered Hispano-Romance.

Keywords:   Portuguese loanwords, Catalan loanwords, etymological analysis, Catalan–Gallo-Romance lexical affinities

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