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Western Imperialism in the Middle East 1914-1958$
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D. K. Fieldhouse

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199540839

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540839.001.0001

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War and Partition of Ottoman Empire, 1914–1922

War and Partition of Ottoman Empire, 1914–1922

(p.36) 2 War and Partition of Ottoman Empire, 1914–1922
Western Imperialism in the Middle East 1914-1958

D. K. Fieldhouse (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

In November 1914, the Ottoman empire went to war against Russia, Britain, and France. On October 31, 1918, by the Armistice of Mudros, the war ended with the Ottoman armies suffering almost total defeat. The result was the dismemberment of the empire and, after a further four years of confusion and fighting, the emergence of the state of Turkey in Anatolia and a small part of Eastern Thrace, north of Istanbul, and of five newly defined territories under British or French control called mandates. This chapter examines why the Ottomans went to war on the side of Germany and against the Entente, and how they fought their war; the aims and war strategies of the British and French, and how they fit with the aims of the Arabs, particularly the Hashemites; and how far these various aims were realized during the period of diplomacy and fighting between 1918 and 1922.

Keywords:   Ottoman empire, World War I, imperialism, Britain, France, Turkey, mandate, Middle East

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