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Inequality and Growth in Modern China$
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Guanghua Wan

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199535194

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535194.001.0001

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China's Regional Inequality in Innovation Capability: 1995–2004

China's Regional Inequality in Innovation Capability: 1995–2004

Chapter:
(p.144) 8 China's Regional Inequality in Innovation Capability: 1995–2004
Source:
Inequality and Growth in Modern China
Author(s):

Peilei Fan

Guanghua Wan (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535194.003.0008

This chapter explores the spatial distribution of innovation capability in China based on a recently developed decomposition framework. It is found that at the regional level, China's inequality in innovation capability increased from 1995 to 2004. At the provincial level, the inequality decreased from 1995 to 2000, but increased from 2000 to 2004. Location, industrialization and urbanization, human capital, and openness (foreign direct investment) are significant contributors to the inequality in innovation capability. Unbalanced development in high-tech parks exerts a growing explanatory power in driving innovation disparity, which implies that institutional factor plays a direct role.

Keywords:   innovation, inequality decomposition, Asia, location, industrialization, urbanization, human capital, foreign direct investment

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