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The Life and Death of International TreatiesDouble-Edged Diplomacy and the Politics of Ratification in Comparative Perspective$
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Jeffrey S. Lantis

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199535019

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535019.001.0001

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Analysis and Conclusions

Analysis and Conclusions

Chapter:
(p.197) 9 Analysis and Conclusions
Source:
The Life and Death of International Treaties
Author(s):

Jeffrey S. Lantis (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535019.003.0009

This chapter analyzes data from eighteen case studies and draws conclusions regarding the significance of ratification processes. Broad lessons of this study are that the ratification process can be highly controversial, produce a significant amount of political exchange, and alter state behavior. Indeed, eleven out of eighteen case studies showed signs of moderate or high amounts of political controversy during the ratification stage. The chapter also summarizes insights on the puzzle of treaty near-failures and failures in democratic systems, illuminating the importance of system pressures, executive strategies for ratification, interest group mobilization, and regime type (manifest in executive–legislative relations). Evidence showing increasing controversy in democratic systems regarding multilateral treaties raises difficult questions for international cooperation in the 21st century. Finally, the chapter discusses avenues for additional investigation including empirical study of the links between ratification mechanisms and outcomes.

Keywords:   ratification, political controversy, treaty near-failures, treaty failures, controversy

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