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The Life and Death of International TreatiesDouble-Edged Diplomacy and the Politics of Ratification in Comparative Perspective$
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Jeffrey S. Lantis

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199535019

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535019.001.0001

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The Politics of European Integration

The Politics of European Integration

(p.50) 4 The Politics of European Integration
The Life and Death of International Treaties

Jeffrey S. Lantis (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The 1991 Maastricht Treaty on European Union (TEU) represented a dramatic new phase of European integration. The treaty called for intensified political integration, greater centralization of power in Brussels, and monetary union. Leading states including France and Germany made clear their commitment to see the treaty through to full implementation rapidly. However, controversial ratification processes soon unfolded in the post-commitment politics phases in both countries. In France, the TEU ratification struggle led to the near collapse of popular support for integration, and in a referendum in September 1992 passed by a narrow majority. Germany was one of the architects of the Treaty on European Union, yet it, too, experienced serious domestic political debates in the ratification phase.

Keywords:   Maastricht Treaty, France, Germany, ratification struggle, referendum

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