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Justinian and the Making of the Syrian Orthodox Church$
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Volker L. Menze

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199534876

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534876.001.0001

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Towards a Church: Sacraments, Canons, Liturgy, and Priests

Towards a Church: Sacraments, Canons, Liturgy, and Priests

(p.145) 4 Towards a Church: Sacraments, Canons, Liturgy, and Priests
Justinian and the Making of the Syrian Orthodox Church

Volker L. Menze

Oxford University Press

Chapter 4 combines a discussion of the developments of non-Chalcedonian church life with an account of how the imperial government tried to reintegrate the centrifugal elements in the eastern provinces. After a few years in exile the non-Chalcedonian bishops started to ordain a separate hierarchy that challenged the sacramental authority of the Chalcedonians—most visible by taking a non-Chalcedonian Eucharist. Prominent among the non-Chalcedonians appears John of Tella whose mass ordinations made him one of Justinian's dangerous opponents (and perhaps also an advocate of a different (eucharistic) ecclesiology). The problems which the religious controversy caused for the average layperson are addressed as well as the development of the different Chalcedonian and non-Chalcedonian liturgies (especially the case of the Trisagion). If read in context, the sources show that Justinian responded with a genuine attempt of rapprochement towards the non-Chalcedonians in the early 530s.

Keywords:   John of Tella, Eucharist, canon, network, ordination, liturgy, church hierarchy, de Lubac, Trisagion, rapprochement

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