This chapter focuses on the relationship between Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism. The Fundamentalist movement is an integral part of Evangelicalism especially in Britain. The fundamentalist movement generally believes in an error free bible and reliance on factual evidence to the scriptures. James Barr one of the well known anti-Fundamentalists criticizes the prominence of Fundamentalism and accuses most of Evangelists as adherents of Fundamentalism. For Barr, the dominance of Fundamentalism in modern Evangelical thought has led to the rise of rationalistic belief in understanding the Bible. More concern is given in providing evidence for the authenticity of biblical passages rather than their religious significance. Such concern led to the detriment of personal faith and the feeling of religious freedom and openness. Evangelists refute such accusation by claiming that even though they share the same attitude with Fundamentalists regarding the dangers of liberalist tendencies of interpretation, and the need to protect the sanctity of the scriptures; they follow a more intellectual and generally different approach in understanding and interpreting the Bible.
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