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The History of the University of OxfordVolume VII: Nineteenth-Century Oxford, Part 2$
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M. G. Brock and M. C. Curthoys

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780199510177

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199510177.001.0001

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Religious Issues, 1870–1914

Religious Issues, 1870–1914

(p.97) 3 Religious Issues, 1870–1914
The History of the University of Oxford

Peter Hinchliff

Oxford University Press

In the 1860s and 1870s, ‘Catholic’ and ‘Liberal’ Anglicanism in Oxford University had been represented by E. B. Pusey and Benjamin Jowett respectively, on opposing sides of virtually every religious issue which disturbed the university. Pusey was always absolutely unyielding on any point where the truth, once delivered to the Saints, was at issue. Jowett, though a reluctant religious disputant, was an equally determined fighter for the truth arrived at by free enquiry. Pusey died in the autumn of 1882 and was succeeded as Professor of Hebrew by S. R. Driver, a moderate critical scholar. That Jowett became Vice-Chancellor almost as Pusey died might have meant the triumph of liberal theology in Oxford, but the office seems to have diverted his attention to other matters. Frederick Temple’s Bampton Lectures on science and religion, which made Charles Darwin’s hypothesis respectable in the Church of England, were delivered in 1884 yet the biography of Jowett by Abbott and Campbell contains no reference to them.

Keywords:   Oxford University, Anglicanism, E. B. Pusey, Benjamin Jowett, S. R. Driver, liberal theology, Frederick Temple, science, religion, Church of England

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