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The History of the University of Oxford: Volume II: Late Medieval Oxford$
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J. I. Catto and T. A. R. Evans

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780199510122

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199510122.001.0001

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Natural Philosophy in Late Medieval Oxford

Natural Philosophy in Late Medieval Oxford

(p.65) 3 Natural Philosophy in Late Medieval Oxford
The History of the University of Oxford: Volume II: Late Medieval Oxford

J. D. North

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the reason for the amplification of mathematical and other formal methods used in natural philosophy and astronomy. It explains that Oxford humanists' attacks which were so frequently generated from the standpoint of neo-Platonism resulted in the concealment of very similar trends in scholastic mathematics and natural philosophy. It discusses that the commentaries clarifying Oxford's significance in the evolution of medieval physics was bounded in time. This chapter also evaluates the central idea in hylomorphism. It argues that one of the more regrettable aspects of the entire medieval debate is that the supposed solutions were so often internally inconsistent. It explains that there were different attitudes to natural philosophy.

Keywords:   mathematical methods, formal methods, natural philosophy, astronomy, Oxford, neo-Platonism, hylomorphism, medieval physics

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