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Reform and Renewal in South Asian IslamThe Chishti-Sabris in 18th—19th Century North India$
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Moin Ahmad Nizami

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199469345

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199469345.001.0001

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Islamic Spirituality and the Chishtī-Sābrī Traditions

Islamic Spirituality and the Chishtī-Sābrī Traditions

(p.29) Chapter One Islamic Spirituality and the Chishtī-Sābrī Traditions
Reform and Renewal in South Asian Islam

Moin Ahmad Nizami

Oxford University Press

This Chapter offers an overview of the origin and evolution of Sufism, its theoretical and practical manifestations and the institutionalization thereof in doctrines, schools and orders. It reviews the background of the main traditions of the Chishti-Sabri order, as they had grown from the fifteenth through to the seventeenth century. The order’s earliest centre of activity was the Awadh region, which in pre-modern period, was a markedly pluralist and composite culture shaped by the deepened interaction between Hindu-Muslim mysticism and the spread into India of the speculative mysticism of Ibn Arabi. Influenced by such a milieu, the Sabri traditions retained throughout this period a firm belief in Ibn-Arabi’s philosophy, influences from Bhakti and Vedantic practices, culturally assimilative tendencies, and performance of strenuous mystical exercises.

Keywords:   Sufism, Ibn-Arabi, Chishti-Sabri, cultural assimilation, Vedantic mysticism, Abdul Quddus Gangohi, Shah Muhibbullah, medieval Awadh

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