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Mainstreaming Unpaid WorkTime-use Data in Developing Policies$
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Indira Hirway

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199468256

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199468256.001.0001

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Public Job Guarantee Programmes: The Economic Benefits of Investing in Social Care

Public Job Guarantee Programmes: The Economic Benefits of Investing in Social Care

Case Studies in South Africa and The United States*

Chapter:
(p.308) 9 Public Job Guarantee Programmes: The Economic Benefits of Investing in Social Care
Source:
Mainstreaming Unpaid Work
Author(s):

Rania Antonopoulos

Kijong Kim

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199468256.003.0009

This chapter demonstrates the strong pro-poor impact that social provisioning of care has on employment creation and poverty reduction. Though not all job-guarantee programmes (such as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee programme in India) include care-related work, the countries where it is done show several positive results. The chapter shows that mobilizing underutilized domestic labour and targeting it to bridge gaps in community-based services yields substantial pro-poor income growth. In fact, such social care provision in the programmes contributes to gender equality, as women—from low-income households—constitute a major workforce in the care sector. The chapter presents ex ante policy simulation results from South Africa and the United States using social-accounting-matrix-based multiplier analysis and propensity ranking-based micro-simulation. Both methods provide evidence of the pro-poor impact despite different levels of economic development.

Keywords:   job-guarantee programme, South Africa, USA, time-use statistics, social accounting matrix, pro-poor impact, unpaid work, social care

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