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Civilian Protection in the Twenty-First CenturyGovernance and Responsibility in a Fragmented World$
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Cecilia Jacob and Alistair D.B. Cook

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199467501

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199467501.001.0001

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The Politics of Protecting Religious Minorities

The Politics of Protecting Religious Minorities

The State and Communal Violence in India

(p.107) 4 The Politics of Protecting Religious Minorities
Civilian Protection in the Twenty-First Century

Cecilia Jacob

Oxford University Press

This chapter takes up pillar one of R2P as the most salient, yet under-conceptualized, element of international normative frameworks to protect civilians from atrocity crimes and to examine the state’s responsibility for the prevention and protection of civilian populations during periods of communal violence. The case study of communal violence in India points to the limitation of international R2P norms in shaping the protective practices of states towards their own populations. It also highlights the importance of recognizing systematic and politicized forms of violence that do not meet the threshold of international definitions of armed conflict, yet which result in significant levels of displacement, deaths, and bodily harm that warrants robust mechanisms for protecting civilians that are currently absent in conventional policing and human rights procedures.

Keywords:   Responsibility to protect, communal violence, India, policing, human rights, state protection, religious minorities

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