Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
On Uncertain GroundDisplaced Kashmiri Pandits in Jammu and Kashmir$

Ankur Datta

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199466771

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199466771.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.  Subscriber: null; date: 24 October 2019

(p.261) Index

(p.261) Index

Source:
On Uncertain Ground
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
acute refugee movement, 64
Afghan refugees, in Pakistan, 16
age of migration, 18
aid-walla, 189
Al-Safa, 57
All State Kashmiri Pandit Conference (ASKPC), 71–2, 181, 195–6
allusive victimhood, 178
Amnesty International, 181
anthropologists, 7
anti-Sikh riots, 184
ashrams, 28
atoot ang, 167
attachment (to place), 104–5
azaadi, 40, 59
Bakerwals, 23
nomadic pastoralist community, 23
bali (sacrifice), 176
bali ki baqra, 176
bara machchli, 148
batav bagair, batnevsan, 57
bhagavan ki garbh, 200
bhajans, 140
Bhasin-Jamwal, 211
Bhatt, 93
Bhattas, 132
Biharis, 205
biological citizenship, 206
BJP, 179, 182 (p.262)
boycott, 121–2
Brahmins, 22, 131. See also specific Brahmins
Bud Shah, 49–50
Burundian refugees, 210
Butshikan, 49
camps, 71–100
as context and object, 73–5
from dwelling to, 95–100
in Jammu city, 80
in Jammu established in 1990 and disbanded before 2008, 78
Kashmiri Pandit migrant, 77–85
Purkhu camp, 85–95
in South Asia, 75–7
vs non-camp spaces, 96
caste, of Kashmiri Pandits, 142–51
Chernobyl nuclear disaster, 206
chota machchli, 148
Chatterjee, N., 7, 13, 16, 18, 107, 162, 167, 170, 175, 208
chulahs, 112
citizenship, 202
City of Temples, 27
claiming place, 119–25
Jan Jigars, 123
class and caste, 142–51
de-classing, 146
high caste, 142–51
lower middle class, 149
Rajput, 147
Tamil Brahmins, 144
upper class, 142
Cohen, Roberta, 9–10
communal riots, 212, 229
communities produced by relief, 208–16
Hindus, 211
migrant community, 211
Muslims, 211
rural communities, 211
conflict, 39–46
human rights violations, 40
regime of impunity, 40
two-nation theory, 41
consumer items, 204
Crapanzano, Vincent, 186, 218–19
criticism, 199, 202
cultural heritage, 140
Daala Bhatta, 137
Das, Veena, 14, 98, 171–2, 184
dhanda, 201
dijihurs, 2, 120
dislocation, 34–5
displacement, 33
access to political and socio-economic prominence, 142
categories of, 11
development-induced, 15
history and memory, 17–18
internal, 223–4
Kashmiri Pandits, 52–70
narration of violence and, 37–9
dispossession, 14–15
Doda camp, 211
Dogras, 43–4, 100, 120, 182
Duschinski, 24
place-making, 24
dwelling, 95–100
Martin Heidegger, 95, 100
dynamic and malleable, 207
earthquake, 200
earthquake victims, 200
natural disaster, 200
East Bengali refugees, 13, 15–18, 107, 139, 162, 166–7, 175, 194
East India Company, 42 (p.263)
economic growth, 209
economic migrants, 27
elites, 133
elites Kashmiri Pandit migrant, 130
environmental properties, 111
ethnc diversity, 23
ethnographic methods, 29–33
large-scale public events, 31
semi-structured interviews, 30
structured interviews, 30
exception, place of, 33–4, 71–100
exile, 4, 6–7, 103–4
identity in, 13
nation constructed for Hutu refugees in, 20
exodus. See displacement
family and kinship, 114–15
first war, 41
forced migration, 198
categories of, 5–8
critical markers for, 6
developing typologies of movement and, 6
refugees, 5
Geeta Bhavan, 68–9, 183
genocide, 177
ghamand, 155
gift relationship, 198, 215
Governing of Men, 73
Government Category, 192
Gulab Singh, 42
gulag, 83
helpless sufferers, 212
heterogeneity, 211
Hindu, 155, 168
Hindu belt, 168
Hindu nationalist parties, 168
Hizb-ul-Mujahedin, 54
Holocaust Day, 165, 167, 176–7
home, 106–7, 225
home and attachment, 104–5
palpable mood, 105
human rights violations, 24
Human Rights Watch, 181
humanitarianism, 190–1, 208
Hutu refugees, 7
Indian victims, 186, 200
internal displacement, 223–4
internally displaced persons (IDPs), 4, 96, 201, 210, 221, 223
category of, 8–11
definition of, 9
Islamic culture, 134
Jagmohan, 40, 53, 165, 195, 199
Jakti, 126, 194, 233
Jammu and Kashmir, 3–4, 22, 25–9, 209
Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front ( JKLF), 54
Jammu and Kashmir Sahayata Samiti, 67, 195
Jantar Mantar, 163–4
Jashn-e-Azadi, 53
jayamala, 141
Jews, 178
julsa/julus, 60, 62
Kashmir Times, 31–2, 62
Kashmiri cuisine, 111. See Kashmiri diet
Kashmiri diet, 111
Kohlrabi, 111
nadru, 94, 111, 125 (p.264)
Kashmiri Muslims, 166, 182, 199, 207–8
Kashmiri Pandits, 3, 4, 19, 131–8, 221–2
Brahmin, 222
elites, 133
forced migrants, 4–16
as Hindu minority, 3–4
IDPs, 221
Madan’s ethnography, 23, 48, 69, 112–13
Madan’s monograph, 23
migrants, 131, 130
Misri’s ethnography, 23
Nagrota camp for, 2–3
naram, 137
Kashmiri refugee camps, 14
Robinson, 14, 83
Kashmiriyat, 24, 44, 117, 153
Kashmir Valley. See Jammu and Kashmir
Kathua, 29
Kayasthas, 134
Khatris, 48
Kheer Bhavani Shrine, 31, 43, 140
Khosh, 95
Knudsen, 7, 74
Koshur Samachar, 32, 52, 147, 174
Lashkar-e-Taiba, 54
Line of Control, 3
litany, 186
local, 225
locating the Kashmiri Pandits, 47–56
Loizos, 7, 231
Madan, T. N., 51. See also under Kashmiri Pandits
Martyrs’ Day, 179–80
masculinity, 92
Matribhumi, 175
middle class, 4, 15, 50–1, 77, 83, 104, 114, 133–4, 137, 139, 142–4, 146–50, 157, 168, 211, 221, 229, 230–1
migrant, 20, 68, 186–7, 206–7, 230
colonies, 28
critique, 201
Hindu, 207
non-Hindu, 20, 68, 186–7, 206–7
registered in Jammu, 80
migrant critique of relief, 202–5
dispossessed community, 203
economic insecurity, 203
education of children, 204
medical expenses, 204
pandit criticisms of relief, 204
suggestions, 205
sustenance, 203
threats, 203
migrant label, 207
effects of, 206–8
migration, 105–8, 200–1, 208, 226
forced, 106
man-made disaster and, 200
migrant critique, 201
struggle for home, 108
militant groups, 232
militarization, 24
military/repression cycle, 40
Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, 187
mlechcha, 153
mohalla, 51
Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, 39, 188
Muslim Conference, 44–6
Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah, 44–5
Muslim refugees, 13, 175 (p.265)
Muslim United Front (MUF), 46
Muthi camp, 37–9, 102, 212
mythico-histories, 13, 223
nationalism/nationalist, 166
Hindu, 45, 67, 155, 162, 167, 168, 182
Indian, 3, 20, 41, 163, 165, 167, 182
Islamic, 155
Kashmiri, 20, 163, 173, 186, 221
Pakistani, 3
Pandit, 20
pure, 41
volatile, 206
Na Bhattoo Aham, 49
nadru, 94, 111
Nagrota migrant camp, 2, 197, 200
National Conference. See also Muslim Conference, 44
nativity and nationality, 7
Navreh, 118
nikummah, 112
Nizam-e-Mustapha, 57
non-governmental organization (NGO), 31
nostalgia, 103, 111
occupation, 232
official language, 27
one-room tenement (ORT), 38
in Purkhu camp, 87, 92–5
politics of life, 7, 191
place
claiming, 119–25
migration of, 105–8
uncertainty of, 125–8
pahari, 27
Pakistan-administered Kashmir, 24
Palestinian refugees, 185, 206
Pandit nationalism, 20
Panun Kashmir Movement, 173–4
People’s Democratic Party, 138
People’s Union for Civil Liberties, 180
Persian, 131
persistence of uncertainty, 231–4
conflict zone, 232
protests, 232
pigeon holes. See also ORTs, 109, 112
pluralist state, 169
preferential treatment, 168
Purkhu camp, 29–31, 34, 69, 77–9, 81, 84–95
Bhatt household, 93–5
inner lanes, 92
map of, 88
ORTs in, 87, 92–5
phases of, 86–7
returning to, 108–10
road passes through, 88–91
total number of migrants in, 197
vaccination drive, 85
Quit Kashmir Movement, 41
racial discrimination, 186
Railway camp, 79
Rainawari, 2–3
Raja Hari Singh, 40–1
Raja Jambulochan, 26
rajma, 94
reactive fate group, 64
refugee(s), 200–1, 223
Afghan, 16
Burundian, 210 (p.266)
definition of, 5
East Bengali, 13
experience of, 73
Greek Cypriot, 7
Hutu, 7
Muslim, 13, 175
Palestinian, 185, 206
stateless individuals, 201
Tibetan, 13, 201
upper-caste, 15
West Pakistani, 187
rehabilitation, 194, 212
relief, 190, 194, 199, 202, 205, 208, 216
camp, 96
category, 192
and rehabilitation programme, 189–90, 194, 201
Relief Commission, 27–8, 68, 80, 192–4, 200
religious identity, 151–8
Rishi, Kashyap, 38
Rinchana, 48
Royal patronage, 26
Rural cosmopolitan, 19
sacrifice, 107–8
displacement as, 163
violence and, 175–6
Sanatan Dharma Sabha. See also Geeta Bhavan, 196
Saraswat Brahmins, 47–8, 91, 134
Sayeed, Rubaiya, 39
secular nationalists, 41
Secular politics, 169
sedentary metaphysic, 105
semi-structured interviews, 30
settlement
history of, 108–10
politics of, 224–6
sexual violence, 63
Shia Muslim, 42
Shiv Ratri, 64
Shiv Sena, 179, 181, 199
Significant expenses, 204
Sikhs, 2
Sindhis, 19
slum dwellers, 84
Small Businesses Association, 164
sons of the nation, 167
squatter colonies, 16
status, 230
loss of, 147–8
questions of, 229–31
stone pelters, 232
structured interviews, 30
Sultan Sikander, 49
Sultan Zain-ul-Abidin, 131
Sunni Muslim, 42
Syed Ali Shah Geelani, 188
Taploo, Tika Lal, 56–7, 175, 180
territory of desire, 42
Thackeray, Bal 181, 199
thekedari, 95
Thiranagama, 17, 127
thokurkoth, 93
Tibetan refugees, 13, 201
township, 187–8
Tuhur, 140
two-room tenement (TRT), 87, 99, 126, 195
uncertainty
persistence of, 231–4
of place, 125–8
United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), 9 (p.267)
United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP), 55, 61
upper-caste refugees, 15
Van Hear, 6
Vanvun, 141
victimhood, 171, 173, 186, 200, 201, 220–1, 226–9
victimhood and suffering, 226–9
ideal victim, 228
victims of violence, 228
Vietnamese refugees, 7
violence, 172–3, 183
vulnerable, 221
Vyug, 141
West Pakistani refugees, 187
Ziarat, 57
Zutshi, C., 50, 152