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The Contradiction in Disability LawSelective Abortions and Rights$
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Smitha Nizar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199466658

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199466658.001.0001

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Competing Discourses on Value and Quality of Human Life

Competing Discourses on Value and Quality of Human Life

Chapter:
(p.27) Chapter Two Competing Discourses on Value and Quality of Human Life
Source:
The Contradiction in Disability Law
Author(s):

Smitha Nizar

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199466658.003.0002

The theological, ethical, and legal philosophies that value the inherent worth of human life and contradict selection and elimination of human beings have been studied in this chapter. The legal ramification of sanctity of life has been seen in the principles of equality, right to life, punishment for killing human being, and in the judicial stand on wrongful life and wrongful birth claims. The later public policy ramifications resulted in legal sanctioning of practices that contradict sanctity of life and diminish the value of human life. The practice of valuing human life on the basis of quality of life triggered by scientific development replaced the philosophy of value of life. The laws that permit selecting out humans who failed to reach the standard of quality postulated by science and medicine clearly contradict the value of life principles applied for all others.

Keywords:   human value, sanctity of life, quality of life, wrongful life, wrongful birth, theology, life with disability, pro-life, anti-abortion, female infanticide

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