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Migration MattersMobility in a Globalizing World$
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Gurucharan Gollerkeri and Natasha Chhabra

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199464807

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199464807.001.0001

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The Disequilibria of Transitions

The Disequilibria of Transitions

Chapter:
(p.15) 2 The Disequilibria of Transitions
Source:
Migration Matters
Author(s):

Gurucharan Gollerkeri

Natasha Chhabra

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199464807.003.0002

The differences in the stages of development have influenced the rate at which countries go through their demographic transitions resulting in youth bulges and surplus labour in developing countries and population ageing and labour shortages in the developed parts. The demographic transition influences growth and development and in turn the rate of development affects emigration from and immigration into a country. A spatial factor mobility programme to logically ensure the mobility of the surplus young population based on the demand for and the supply of labour and skills will be necessary to address the problem. There needs to be a global view of demography rather than a local view. The effects of the demographic and migration transitions suggest that mobility is a natural solution to the structural problems created by the demographic transition at a global level. Migration is a positive sum game.

Keywords:   demographic transition, ageing, youth bulge, emigration, immigration, dependency ratio, labour shortages, factor mobility, demographic deficit, demographic surplus

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