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Migration MattersMobility in a Globalizing World$
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Gurucharan Gollerkeri and Natasha Chhabra

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199464807

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199464807.001.0001

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The Colonial Compass

The Colonial Compass

Chapter:
(p.199) 13 The Colonial Compass
Source:
Migration Matters
Author(s):

Gurucharan Gollerkeri

Natasha Chhabra

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199464807.003.0013

The Emigration Act of 1983 that constitutes the regulatory framework extant in India today is dated and has several shortcomings—intrinsic and instrumental. The intrinsic flaws stem from its emphasis on exit control, the arcane institution of the Protector General of Emigrants, and the institutional constraint it faces. The instrumental flaws include the absence of policy coherence: horizontal and vertical, the top-heavy, excessively centralized regulatory framework which leaves little space for the governments at the sub-national level to intervene, an inadequate institutional apparatus to design and execute policy or make interventions on a real time basis, an inability to mobilize non-state actors who are important stakeholders in migration—civil society, migrant networks, and non-government organizations that are more proximate to the community. The scarcity in India’s migration praxis is not of resources, nor even of virtue, but of understanding.

Keywords:   emigration, regulation, Protector of Emigrants, recruiting agents, middlemen, intermediaries, employers, ECR, exit control

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