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The Economy of OdishaA Profile$
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Pulin B. Nayak, Santosh C. Panda, and Prasanta K. Pattanaik

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199464784

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199464784.001.0001

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Rural Unemployment and Agricultural Wages in Odisha

Rural Unemployment and Agricultural Wages in Odisha

Analysis of Major Trends and Policy Options

(p.87) 3 Rural Unemployment and Agricultural Wages in Odisha
The Economy of Odisha

Raj Kishore Panda

Oxford University Press

The chapter examines different dimensions of rural unemployment and association of unemployment with poverty in rural Odisha. It measures the trends in wages of field labourers vis-à-vis wages of other rural workers and the inter-district disparity in field labour wage rates in the state. The chapter discusses the options in public intervention for improving the conditions of agricultural labourers in the state. The findings reveal that the incidence of rural unemployment has increased in Odisha between 1999–2000 and 2009–10 and particularly unemployment under CDS measure (underemployment) is found more prominent in the state during the study period. Compared to the all-India average, the incidence as well as the intensity of unemployment remains higher in rural Odisha. Unemployment and poverty are found to be inversely related. Better-off regions reveal higher rates of unemployment with lower incidence of poverty while worse-off regions exhibit vice versa. Agricultural field labourers receive lower wages than other rural workers. The chapter finds that wage rates vary across districts and between genders. To improve the economic conditions of agricultural workers, the study makes suggestions for improving productivity in agriculture along with increased government intervention for providing basic needs to these vulnerable sections of the rural community.

Keywords:   unemployment rate, under-employment, basic needs, field-labourer, poverty-line, wage-employment, landlessness, small-holding, work-force, real wage

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