The Chapter discusses how a natural calamity of unspeakable proportions could alter the trajectory of a long-running ethnic conflict. Western governments and the United Nations agencies permitted Sri Lanka to use the situation created by the 2004 tsunami to generate pressure on the LTTE. The Sri Lankan government used the humanitarian crisis so generated to increase the LTTE’s vulnerabilities. P-TOMS (Post-Tsunami Operational Management Structure) agreement with the LTTE was reached after considerable debate and dithering, but hardly implemented. Despite these drawbacks, the Tamil Relief Organization (TRO) staged exemplary relief operations in the LTTE controlled areas. In the final count, tsunami tilted the balance in the government’s favour, and contributed to the final outcome of the war.
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