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The Holy GrailIndia's Quest for Universal Elementary Education$
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R.V. Vaidyanatha Ayyar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199463473

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463473.001.0001

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India and Jomtien

India and Jomtien

(p.150) VII India and Jomtien
The Holy Grail

R.V. Vaidyanatha Ayyar

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the run-up to the World Conference on Education for All held at Jomtien (1990), the negotiation process and the outcomes of that Conference. It outlines the paradigmatic shifts in the economic thinking on primary education which resulted in primary education becoming ‘cool’ and the World Bank emerging as a champion of primary education. The chapter narrates how India with the World’s largest out-of-school children became a hot destination by agencies eager to fund basic education, and how the bright prospects of large scape external funding arose at the very time India was drifting to an acute macroeconomic crisis. It outlines the role external assistance had hitherto played in Indian economic development in general and to education in particular. It also outlines the parameters developed by the Union Department of education for availing external assistance, and scoffs at the radical criticism in India that the Jomtien Conference was neo-liberal conspiracy.

Keywords:   Jomtien Conference, Human Capital, Structural Adjustment, External Assistance to India’s Plans, Foreign Aid and Indian Education

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