This chapter narrates the course of the UP Project, German-assisted South Orissa Project, and the new District Primary Education Programme (DPEP). It describes the travails of mobilizing resources for DPEP in a manner which departed from the extant tradition of assistance, of conflicts with the agencies and of inter-agency rivalry. It describes the ordeal of developing self-reliantly the content, processes, management structures of DPEP, a multi-state, multi-agency-financed holistic programme which sought to be nothing less than a beachhead for transforming the primary education as a whole. It also describes the ordeal of getting everyone—states and funding agencies on board. It also describes the informal and formal negotiations with the World Bank, European Commission, and Germans. It also describes how the innovative financing agreement with European Commission precociously anticipated the normative framework for development assistance enshrined in the Paris Declaration on Aid effectiveness (2005).
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