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The Changing Village in IndiaInsights from Longitudinal Research$
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Himanshu, Praveen Jha, and Gerry Rodgers

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199461868

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199461868.001.0001

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Caste and Land Distribution

Caste and Land Distribution

Results from a Village Resurvey in Maharashtra, 1964–2007*

(p.437) 16 Caste and Land Distribution
The Changing Village in India

R. Ramakumar

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses changes in the ownership and distribution of land across caste groups in one village between 1963–4 and 2006–7. The data used for this chapter comes from a detailed resurvey of one village—Dongargaon—in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra in India. The most important feature of agrarian change in Dongargaon between 1964 and 2007 was a sharp rise in landlessness. If 27.7 per cent of households were landless in 1963, the share of landless households in 2007 was significantly higher at 63.6 per cent. Marathas and Kunbis were the most dominant landowners in 2007. The rise in landlessness between 1963 and 2007 was due to two reasons. First, the demographic composition of Dongargaon appears to have undergone changes between 1963 and 2007. Secondly, there was a net loss of land among village residents between 1987 and 2007.

Keywords:   agrarian change, landlessness, Maharashtra, village surveys, landlordism

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