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Reengineering IndiaWork, Capital, and Class in an Offshore Economy$
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Carol Upadhya

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199461486

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199461486.001.0001

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Compiling the Indian IT Workforce

Compiling the Indian IT Workforce

(p.79) 2 Compiling the Indian IT Workforce
Reengineering India

Carol Upadhya

Oxford University Press

Chapter 2 examines the making of the Indian IT workforce, a process that has been shaped not only by IT companies’ requirements for skilled labour but also by the agency of IT workers. It describes the methods through which IT workers are recruited, trained, and deployed, and highlights the implications of these practices for the social stratification and segmentation of the IT workforce. The chapter also explores the functioning of the software labour market, the flexibilization of IT labour, and the individualization of work and workers. In the fluid and unstable global information economy, software engineers must create their own ‘job security’ and pursue their careers by changing jobs frequently and continually reskilling themselves to retain their ‘employability’. The chapter argues that IT workers have not been simply ‘produced’ by software capital; instead, they actively produce themselves as ‘entrepreneurial’ worker-subjects as they develop strategies of social mobility.

Keywords:   Indian IT workforce, software professionals, labour flexibilization, individualization, global information economy, software labour market, entrepreneurial workers, reskilling, mobility

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