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East of India, South of ChinaSino-Indian Encounters in Southeast Asia$
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Amitav Acharya

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199461141

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199461141.001.0001

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India and China in Southeast Asia

India and China in Southeast Asia

Competition and Convergence*

(p.131) 5. India and China in Southeast Asia
East of India, South of China

Amitav Acharya

Oxford University Press

This chapter addresses the vital question: what is the place of China, India, and Southeast Asia in the Asian order? It specifically asks whether China’s rise might return Asia to a Sino-centric regional order, something akin to the tributary system that had marked East Asia’s regional order before European colonialism, or whether China’s own version of the Monroe Doctrine is already taking place in shaping Asian order in general and Southeast Asian order in particular. While China may have more comprehensive power generally and in Southeast Asia more specifically, India has a greater potential for ideational influence. Also, this chapter discusses at length the lessons of India’s past involvement in Asia, including its mistakes and pitfalls, which might apply to its current ‘Look East’ policy. And in addressing the key question of the chapter—the role that China and India play in Asia in general and Southeast Asia in particular, as well as the latter’s contribution to Asian order-building—both competition and convergence, mainly in economic, geopolitical, and strategic arenas, will define the fulfilment of such important roles.

Keywords:   strategic, economic, geopolitical, ‘Look East’ Policy, competition, convergence, Asian order-building, India, China, Southeast Asia

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