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Special Category States of India$
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Govind Bhattacharjee

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199460830

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460830.001.0001

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Sikkim

Sikkim

Chapter:
(p.289) 5 Sikkim
Source:
Special Category States of India
Author(s):

Govind Bhattacharjee

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460830.003.0006

This chapter describes the brief history of Sikkim and narrates the events leading to its subsequent merger with India in 1975. It describes the social transformation in Sikkim from a feudal society ruled by the king to a progressive democratic society after merger and the tremendous socio-economic progress made by the state ever since. Sikkim today boasts of an economy and governance model comparable to those of the advanced Indian states. The history of its social change and economic achievements have truly been remarkable and access to liberal central grants by virtue of its special category status played no small role in it. The chapter discusses the story of the state’s amazing transformation during the last few decades by analysing its socio-economic, public finance and planning data since the decade of the seventies.

Keywords:   Lepchas, Bhutias, Chogyal, Tunglong Treaty, Standstill Agreement, Sikkim National Congress, Sikkim’s Merger with India, Social Transformation in Sikkim

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