The 1950s saw growing Indian interest in the developmental policies of communist China and the Soviet Union. Kumarappa travelled in both these countries and expressed admiration for their welfare policies. While Kumarappa did not approve of the violence inherent to communist rule, his intemperate utterances were a reflection of disenchantment with the state of Indian affairs and the failure of the Congress in harness to provide redress. Owing to his stature as a close associate of Gandhi, Kumarappa’s pronouncements led to immense controversy. This chapter presents the background of Kumarappa’s travels and his ideological positions. The many complex strands—including Kumarappa’s own personality trait of stubborness—that went into the making of the controversy are detailed.
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