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The Web of FreedomJ.C. Kumarappa and Gandhi's Struggle for Economic Justice.$
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Venu Madhav Govindu and Deepak Malghan

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199460816

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460816.001.0001

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Seeing Red

Seeing Red

(p.313) 17 Seeing Red
The Web of Freedom

Venu Madhav Govindu

Deepak Malghan

Oxford University Press

The 1950s saw growing Indian interest in the developmental policies of communist China and the Soviet Union. Kumarappa travelled in both these countries and expressed admiration for their welfare policies. While Kumarappa did not approve of the violence inherent to communist rule, his intemperate utterances were a reflection of disenchantment with the state of Indian affairs and the failure of the Congress in harness to provide redress. Owing to his stature as a close associate of Gandhi, Kumarappa’s pronouncements led to immense controversy. This chapter presents the background of Kumarappa’s travels and his ideological positions. The many complex strands—including Kumarappa’s own personality trait of stubborness—that went into the making of the controversy are detailed.

Keywords:   Communism in Asia, Indian attitudes to communism, communism and Gandhian philosophy, disillusionment with Congress party, Cold War politics

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