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The Web of FreedomJ.C. Kumarappa and Gandhi's Struggle for Economic Justice.$
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Venu Madhav Govindu and Deepak Malghan

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199460816

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460816.001.0001

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Land to the Tiller

Land to the Tiller

Chapter:
(p.254) 14 Land to the Tiller
Source:
The Web of Freedom
Author(s):

Venu Madhav Govindu

Deepak Malghan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460816.003.0014

A key question that arose during India’s fight for freedom was the fate of its millions of peasants, tillers, and sharecroppers. Land reform was a vital issue. This chapter provides a synoptic overview of the history of land administration in colonial India and addresses the reasons for the eventual failure of land reform. Kumarappa’s role as the chairman of the Agrarian Reforms Committee (ARC) is detailed as is the manner in which its recommendations were largely ignored by policy makers. The ARC’s recommendations are analysed and related to Kumarappa’s vision for the agrarian economy. This chapter also discusses how Kumarappa moved to a small village near Wardha to carry out an experiment in the transformation of the agrarian society and economy. Given his extensive knowledge of agrarian India, Kumarappa was one of the earliest critics of Vinoba Bhave’s Bhoodan campaigns. Kumarappa’s arguments against the modus operandi of Bhoodan are presented.

Keywords:   Land reform in India, Agrarian Reforms Committee and its recommendations, comprehensive agrarian transformation, Kumarappa’s move to Seldoh, Bhoodan, Kumarappa’s critique of Bhoodan

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