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Economic GeographyVolume 1: Land, Water, and Agriculture$
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L. S. Bhat, H. S. Sharma, and M. H. Qureshi

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199458417

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458417.001.0001

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Introduction to the Survey of Research

Introduction to the Survey of Research

Agriculture

Chapter:
(p.203) Introduction to the Survey of Research
Source:
Economic Geography
Author(s):

M.H. Qureshi

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458417.003.0007

Agriculture remains a very important pillar of Indian economy in spite of its declining contribution to the gross domestic product (GDP). It still provides employment to a large section of rural population. The agricultural production could not cope with the growing demand of foodgrains after the independence of the country. This phase was characterized by low productivity of land and labour. The rationing was resorted to during the 1950s and the country fell in the PL 480 trap. It lasted till the mid-1960s when the package technology was introduced and biochemical innovations such as high-yielding variety (HYV) seeds and fertilizers were introduced in the regions where irrigation infrastructure was favourably placed. Mid-1960s to the early 1980s represents the second phase when the agricultural productivity witnessed a sharp increase because of the fact that some crops such as wheat and rice responded very positively to the intervention of the package technology. The agricultural universities contributed to this increase by their researches in seed and water technology. But the late 1980s witnessed a flattening of the agricultural productivity. The excessive use of water started showing its negative effect. The soil got badly affected due to waterlogging, alkalinity, and salinity. Post-reform period represents the third phase which has witnessed negative trends in agricultural productivity. Some of the hardships faced by the farmers have resulted from such trends. The present attempt is to explore the research work done in agricultural geography between 2003 and ...

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