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India's ChildrenEssays on Social Policy$
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A. K. Shiva Kumar, Preet Rustagi, and Ramya Subrahmanian

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199455287

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199455287.001.0001

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Caste and Social Exclusion

Caste and Social Exclusion

Concept, Indicators, and Measurement

(p.374) 15 Caste and Social Exclusion
India's Children

Sukhadeo Thorat

Nidhi Sadana Sabharwal

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the social exclusion framework to understand the deprivation and poverty of low caste groups that have suffered exclusion and differential treatment across multiple spheres. It presents the forms and nature of discrimination associated with the institution of caste and untouchability in various markets, and discrimination in non-market transactions such as in the delivery of services supplied by public institutions in education, health, and food. This chapter also deals with the consequences of market and non-market discrimination, which entail denial of equal access to economic, social and political rights that result in lower income and high poverty among discriminated groups. It highlights the need for policies that ensure non-discriminatory access to market and non-market institutions for the discriminated groups.

Keywords:   social exclusion, poverty, scheduled caste, caste- and untouchability-based discrimination, market and non-market transactions, public distribution system, mid-day meal, public health institutions

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