Beyond Hybridity and Fundamentalism
The introduction situates the question of emerging Indian Muslim youth identity within popular perceptions about Islam and Muslims (as regressive and anti-modern) and within dominant theoretical frameworks conceptualizing identity in globalized-mediated societies. The chapter analyses Muslim youth’s subjectivities, including their rising aspirations to become part of the Indian society as competent consumer citizens, and points to the inadequacy of dichotomous frameworks of fundamentalism and hybridity to accommodate their experiences and realities. It introduces the concept of ‘convoluted modernities’ as a more fitting explanation of their complex consciousness shaped by juxtaposition of contradictory influences such as ideologies of a consumerist modernity and discourses of globalized Islam, which are themselves in many ways implicated in visions of material well-being and upward mobility.
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