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Maulana Azad, Islam and the Indian National Movement$
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Syeda Saiyidain Hameed

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199450466

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450466.001.0001

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Rise of the Crescent: Al Hilal

Rise of the Crescent: Al Hilal

(p.52) 3 Rise of the Crescent: Al Hilal
Maulana Azad, Islam and the Indian National Movement

Syeda Saiyidain Hameed

Oxford University Press

On 13 July 1912, Abul Kalam Azad launched his own newspaper tofulfilthe objectives that he had set for himself. Al Hilal (The Crescent), published in Calcutta, ushered in a new chapter in Urdu journalism and immediately appealed to Muslims in the city. Azad often used quotations from the Koran to establish the Islamic basis of the paper’s subject-matter, sparking a religious fervour in the reader. The spirit of Pan Islamism was instilled in most of the Muslim presses of the time. It was also during this period that Syed Jamaluddin Afghani, one of the distinguished figures of contemporary Islam, first came to India. Afghani, along with Shaikh Mohammad Abduh and Mohammad Rashid Raza, preached a return to the original faith and denounced the oppressive influence of the mullahs.

Keywords:   Abul Kalam Azad, Al Hilal, Muslims, Koran, Pan Islamism, Syed Jamaluddin Afghani, Islam, India, Shaikh Mohammad Abduh, Mohammad Rashid Raza

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