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TaintedHow Philosophy of Science Can Expose Bad Science$
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Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199396412

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396412.001.0001

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Understanding Uncertainty

Understanding Uncertainty

False Negatives in Quantitative Risk Analysis

Chapter:
(p.196) Chapter 14 Understanding Uncertainty
Source:
Tainted
Author(s):

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396412.003.0014

The chapter assesses another typical scientific value judgment, minimizing false positives (false assertions of an effect), not false negatives (false denials of an effect), when both cannot be minimized, in situations of uncertainty. Contrary to standard scientific opinion, the chapter argues that in welfare-related, uncertain science, minimizing false negatives is scientifically and ethically superior.

Keywords:   false positive, false negative, quantitative risk analysis, uncertainty, value judgment

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