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Why Occupy a Square?People, Protests and Movements   in the Egyptian Revolution$
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Jeroen Gunning and Ilan Zvi Baron

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199394982

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199394982.001.0001

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A Facebook Revolution?

A Facebook Revolution?

Chapter:
(p.275) 8 A Facebook Revolution?
Source:
Why Occupy a Square?
Author(s):

Jeroen Gunning

Ilan Zvi Baron

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199394982.003.0009

In Egypt, millions have no access to the Internet. Many of the workers who dealt the deathblow to Mubarak’s rule by bringing the country’s industry and transport to a standstill in the final days of the revolt, were not regular internet users. Yet Facebook brought together many like-minded people in the lead-up to the uprising and Twitter was used to communicate and disseminate information and tactics. To what extent was this a Facebook Revolution and how was social media used by the protesters? To what extent did technology contribute to the development of new networks, identities and frames that were instrumental in organising the revolt? How did the state use technology in its attempts to retain (and regain) authority and control? This chapter reflects on the various ways in which the use of social media affected the Egyptian revolution from a social movement theory perspective.

Keywords:   technology, Facebook, Twitter, Internet, social media, communication, social movement, mobilisation, ICT

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