Yinyuan as a Symbol of Authenticity
This chapter defines the meaning of authenticity in light of Lionel Trilling and Charles Lindholm’s theoretic reflection and discusses how Yinyuan became a symbol of religious, political, and cultural authenticity. His claim of authentic transmission of the Linji sect helped to establish his religious authenticity in Japan. As a Ming loyalist connected with Zheng Chenggong, he was widely regarded as a Chinese monk loyal to the lost Ming empire. As a celebrated poet he represented the authentic literati culture much coveted in Japan. However, he was also criticized by many Japanese monks and intellectuals, suggesting he and his tradition suffered the authenticity crisis in the seventeenth century. This chapter also introduces the content of each chapter and various primary sources consulted in this study.
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