Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Science Outside the LaboratoryMeasurement in Field Science and Economics$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Marcel Boumans

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199388288

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199388288.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 February 2020

Clinical Judgment

Clinical Judgment

Chapter:
(p.116) 5 Clinical Judgment
Source:
Science Outside the Laboratory
Author(s):

Marcel Boumans

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199388288.003.0005

Judgment is needed as an additional source of knowledge in measurement. This chapter aims to clarify what kind of judgment is referred to and what it is not. Judgment is defined in the Kantian sense; it presupposes intuition and imagination, and is not a strict deduction of particulars from universals. It requires expertise, that is, real experience with the particulars to which it is applied. But judgments in this sense are subjective. To eliminate this subjectivity, also called “bias,” accounts are developed that ensure that judgments are rational, for example, “unbiased.” A rational judgment, however, is not a Kantian judgment; it is the optimal solution of a model that represents a real-life judgment problem. But a real-life problem can be modeled in various different ways, each with a different rational solution. In the chapter’s appendix it is shown that correct Bayesian deduction can be biased as defined in mathematical statistics.

Keywords:   Bayesian reasoning, bias, imagination, intuition, Kantian judgment, model, rational judgment

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .