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China’s Technological Catch-Up StrategyIndustrial Development, Energy Efficiency, and CO2 Emissions$
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Michael T. Rock and Michael Toman

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199385324

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385324.001.0001

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Breaking the Link between Production and CO2 Emissions in China’s Cement Industry

Breaking the Link between Production and CO2 Emissions in China’s Cement Industry

The Role of Technological Learning

(p.42) Chapter 4 Breaking the Link between Production and CO2 Emissions in China’s Cement Industry
China’s Technological Catch-Up Strategy

Michael T. Rock

Michael Toman

Oxford University Press

Since 1978 China’s cement industry has experienced a technological transformation as domestically engineered and produced, state-of-the-art, large-scale rotary kiln cement production lines replaced vertical shaft kiln plants. This transformation was accompanied by improvements in energy efficiency and CO2 intensity. The emphasis in this chapter is on the role of high-speed technological catch-up policies and institutions. Capturing win-win environmental technique effects required policies and institutions that encouraged cement enterprises to invest in building their technological capabilities. The chapter shows that given the incentives for technological learning, there is ample evidence of the impact of high-speed technological catch-up on energy efficiency in China’s cement industry. However, without long-term government investments in building technological capabilities in indigenous engineering enterprises so they could design, manufacture, install, commission, and provide aftermarket technical support services in state-of-the-art indigenous large-scale rotary kilns, it is doubtful that cement enterprises would have saved as much energy as they did.

Keywords:   cement industry, technological transformation, high-speed technological catch-up, market liberalization, privatization, win-win gains, long-term government investments

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