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Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions$
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Charles H. Anderton and Jurgen Brauer

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199378296

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.001.0001

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Genocide

Genocide

From Social Structure to Political Conduct

Chapter:
(p.190) 8 Genocide
Source:
Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions
Author(s):

Néstor Duch-Brown

Antonio Fonfría

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0008

We outline a conceptual framework that can be used to analyze one-sided violence within conflicts. We suggest that genocide and mass killings can be interpreted as an extreme measure of political exclusionary tactics. Under some circumstances, the social structure gives rise to social hierarchies, which in turn are mapped onto the political structure. Social minorities can be socially and politically dominated, but keep leverage in the form of social capital. Threats to the status quo can exacerbate intergroup differences, shifting the level of competition among groups and giving rise to conflict. Unethical and tough political incumbents will devote excessive resources to prevent entry by destroying the source of power of the opposing social group and preserving their hegemony.

Keywords:   social structure, political conduct, entry and mobility barriers, sabotage, raising rivals’ costs

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