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Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions$
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Charles H. Anderton and Jurgen Brauer

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199378296

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.001.0001

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Economic Foundations of Religious Killings and Genocide with Special Reference to Pakistan, 1978–2012

Economic Foundations of Religious Killings and Genocide with Special Reference to Pakistan, 1978–2012

Chapter:
(p.510) 22 Economic Foundations of Religious Killings and Genocide with Special Reference to Pakistan, 1978–2012
Source:
Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions
Author(s):

Partha Gangopadhyay

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0022

Modern societies are melting pots of religious, cultural, and ethnic diversity. They can explode into collective violence and sometimes escalate into mass killings and genocides. The potential for such violence can be used strategically by dominant group leaders to advance their pecuniary and political interests. This chapter develops a dynamic model that highlights social interactions where the payoff to a group member from atrocity participation depends on his own decisions, the decisions of other members within his group, and decisions within rival groups. From these interactions, dynamics are derived that correspond to quadratic maps used in the physical and economic sciences to explore implications for mass atrocities. It is shown that the dynamics depend on the economic structure, the underlying game, and the way strategies spread across populations. The empirical section focuses on the economic determinants of the dynamics of religious killings of Shiite Muslims in Pakistan, 1978–2012.

Keywords:   group conflict, genocide, bifurcations, chaotic dynamics, Nash equilibria, quadratic map, replicator dynamics, religious killings

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