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Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions$
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Charles H. Anderton and Jurgen Brauer

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199378296

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.001.0001

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Peace and the Killing

Peace and the Killing

Compatible Logics in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Chapter:
(p.356) 16 Peace and the Killing
Source:
Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions
Author(s):

Zoë Marriage

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0016

The trade of mineral resources contributed to the mechanisms of mass atrocities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo during the war that started in 1998. The peace agreed to in 2002 reversed the economic logic of the violence by incentivizing belligerents to contest politically. Investigating the shift in the economic configuration, this chapter argues that the peace focused on high-profile actors and high-value goods and overlooked continuing violence, and in doing so excluded much of the population and their economic activities from the configuration of the peace. The chapter concludes that the peace reduced deaths by invading armies, but contributed to other forms of atrocities by rendering the population irrelevant to the country’s economic and political development. This is significant for the analysis of other postwar contexts in which sections of the population are excluded from bargains that prioritize the economic appeasement of elite belligerents.

Keywords:   DR Congo, genocide, Rwanda, resources, war machine, Mbembe, liberalization

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