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Nixon, Kissinger, and the ShahThe United States and Iran in the Cold War$
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Roham Alvandi

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199375691

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199375691.001.0001

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The United States and Iran in the Cold War

The United States and Iran in the Cold War

(p.7) 1 The United States and Iran in the Cold War
Nixon, Kissinger, and the Shah

Roham Alvandi

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the origins of the US-Iran relationship during World War II and the 1946 Azerbaijan crisis. In the early days of the Cold War, Mohammad Reza Shah and his prime ministers succeeded in drawing a reluctant United States into Iran in order to balance the influence of Britain and the Soviet Union. Pahlavi Iran emerged as a US client state following the Anglo-American-sponsored coup that toppled Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeq in 1953 and transformed the shah into a dictator. This Cold War relationship was established by the Eisenhower administration in the 1950s, but continued into the 1960s under the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. The dynamics of the US-Iran relationship in the 1950s and 1960s, with Iran as a US client state, would sharply differ from the US-Iran partnership that the shah would forge with Nixon and Kissinger in the 1970s.

Keywords:   Azerbaijan, Mohammad Mosaddeq, Dwight Eisenhower, John Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Cold War, Mohammad Reza Shah, Iran, coup, Central Intelligence Agency

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